CROATIA Info

Croatia is a beautiful country rich in natural beauty, tradition, culture and history.
Situated in southeastern Europe, bordering Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and has a sea border with Italy.

Called the "land of a thousand islands" due to its 1185 islands, islets and reefs, of which only 67 are inhabited.

Croatian Geographical location has enabled diverse scenery and wildlife. Croatia has eight national parks, foru are in mountainous regions (Plitvice Lakes, Paklenica, Risnjak and Northern Velebit), and four on the coast (Brijuni, Krka, Kornati and Mljet). There are eleven nature parks. In the Mediterranean zone are Vransko jezero, Učka, Telašćica, Biokovo, Lastovo and the Velebit mountain; in the continental zone are Žumberak, Papuk, Lonjsko polje, Kopački Rit and Medvednica.

Area:
- total: 56,594 sq km
Country comparison to the world: 126
Land: 55,974 sq km
Water: 620 sq km
Area - comparative:
- slightly smaller than West Virginia
Land boundaries: Total: 1,982 km

Border countries:
- Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km
- Hungary 329 km
- Serbia 241 km
- Montenegro 25 km
- Slovenia 455 km

Coastline:
- 5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)
Maritime claims:
- territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate:
- Mediterranean and continental: continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; and mild winters, dry summers along coast

Terrain:
- geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands
Elevation extremes:
- lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
- highest point: Dinara 1,831 m
Natural resources:
- oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower

Land use:
- Arable land: 25.82%
- Permanent crops: 2.19%
- Other: 71.99% (2005)

Irrigated land:
- 110 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources:
- 105.5 km3 (1998)
Natural hazards:
- destructive earthquakes

Environment - current issues:
- air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; landmine removal and reconstruction of infrastructure consequent to 1992-95 civil strife

Environment - international agreements:
- party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
- controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits; most Adriatic Sea islands lie off the coast of Croatia - some 1,200 islands, islets, ridges, and rocks

Population:
4,483,804 (July 2011 est.)
Urbanization:
- urban population: 58% of total population (2010)
- rate of urbanization: 0.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population:
- ZAGREB (capital) 685,000 (2009)

Ethnic groups:
- Croat 89.6%,
- Serb 4.5%,
- other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma) (2001 census)

Religions:
- Roman Catholic 87.8%
- Orthodox 4.4%
- other Christian 0.4%
- Muslim 1.3%
- other and unspecified 0.9%
- none 5.2% (2001 census)

Languages:
- Croatian (official) 96.1%,
- Serbian 1%,
- other and undesignated (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German) 2.9% (2001 census)